It’s common knowledge that children who enjoy reading and take the time to read outside of school go on to achieve greater academic success than their non reading peers. However, current trends are proving to be unsettling for advocates of extra curricular reading. With libraries across the country under the threat of closure and children increasingly turning to video games for their after school entertainment, it seems that fewer and fewer children are developing strong reading habits. So what can concerned parents do to encourage their children to read outside of school and help arrest this decline in reading levels?

One key thing that parents can do is act as good ‘reading role models’. Experts have suggested that the mere experience of seeing parents reading makes it more likely that young children will want to pick up a book. Parents should also take the time to read with children from a young age, both reading to them and having them read to you. This demonstrates strong parental investment in reading to the child, helping to build early enthusiasm and interest that acts as a foundation for a child’s independent reading.

Another measure that parents can take is to ensure that children have good access to new reading materials. This can take many forms. If you have access to a library nearby, it’s a good idea to give children their own library card and take them on regular trips to the library to borrow new books. Parents can also take steps to make sure that their house is well stocked with books, allowing parents to guide children’s reading through recommendations, while also allowing them to explore their own interests. Kids should also have space for their own books in their rooms, as a personal collection of books enhances feelings of ownership and investment in the reading experience.

But it’s not all about books, of course. Having a daily newspaper lying round the house can be a good way to introduce casual reading into a child’s life, while a well stocked rack of magazines can help kids to explore new interests. Purchasing a magazine subscription for a child can also help to increase the sense of excitement around reading, as children are often thrilled by a new issue coming through the post every month, especially if it has their name on it.

Overall, the key to encouraging children to read outside of school is not to make it feel like a chore or even a punishment. Forcing children to read at specified times of the day is unlikely to help kids enjoy their reading, while denying kids access to other forms of entertainment such as TV and video games will make reading seem punitive. Successful encouragement is all about providing a good example while making sure that kids have ready access to appropriate reading resources. Parents have a vital, guiding role in the early stages of a child’s reading life, so take active steps to nourish it and see your kids benefit from their reading in other areas of their life.

Whether it’s a multinational company or a School, it requires a leader who knows his job. The one who understands the importance of responsibility and can take control over others. He should be capable enough to differentiate between the right and the wrong and make decisions accordingly. A leader of a school is also known as the principal who governs the entire school community including the teachers and the students. The principal of any school has got following responsibilities toward students.

The Vision: When a person takes responsibility to be the principal of a school, his first step is to set a vision for that school. Each and every person who is the part of that school should clearly know what their goal is and how they are going to achieve it. All of us know that teacher’s job in a school is to teach and students are supposed to learn from what they are being taught. But it’s not that easy as it sounds. The principal’s job is to manage everything and assign tasks to the faculty in such a way that it pulls the school towards its vision.

Policies: There are certain policies which everyone has to follow in a school. It is the leader who writes these policies. So, a principal should write these policies in such a way that it keeps a balance between the faculty and the students. Neither of the two will feel offended by any of the policies written. Following are a few policies which are required to be followed by students and faculty of a school –

– Dress code Policy
– Attendance Policy
– Use of cell phone policy
– Ragging policy
– Policy to prevent fights

Extracurricular activities: Studying various subjects at school is not the only key to success. Students should actively participate in various extra curricular activities as it helps the students in developing their overall personality. For example, Organizing inter-school competitions like dance competition, singing competition, debate competition, quiz competition, paper presentation, etc. Such competitions boost the moral of the students and prepare them to compete with others in the future. The school should have proper infrastructure for various sports like a basketball court, football ground, badminton court, etc..Sports play an important role in physical fitness of children, So it’s the responsibility of the school authority to consider sports in parallel to studies. School’s timetable should have a fixed period for games and students shall have complete freedom to choose the game of their interest.

School and community relationship: A good leader in a school should act like a community liaison. Community liaison is a person who builds a strong relationship between the organization and the people it serves, by communicating in such a manner that everyone listening is able to understand him. It is the duty of a school principal to inform the parents of each and every student about their child’s progress report.

Sometimes a leader has to take few steps which may not look good to us instantly, but are beneficial in the future. So, it becomes our duty to respect our leader’s decision and move on.

The concept of empathy is of great importance when you relate and interact with your students in the class. The better you understand them, the more you receive from them in return. This interpersonal intelligence, in the opinions of Howard Gardner, directly reverses many of the actions that your students are held during the school days.

Perhaps, you observed during your school years that there were teachers who could connect very quickly with students while others maintained a relationship with their students something more complicated. They were not connected with the students- with their emotions. These teachers were less empathetic.

Another aspect that should not be confused with the fact that- being an empathetic teacher has nothing to do with being a cool teacher or rolled teacher. This is not true at all. Empathy is something deeper sense to be “cool” or “rolled”. In fact, the teachers with good empathy can start a very good relationship with students.

Here are five simple but useful actions that can enhance empathy with your students:

    • Learning the names. Knowing your students’ name is important. Sometimes we find some teachers who, after several months, still do not know the name of he/his students or confuse them regularly. Teachers might complain that they have many students and that takes the time to know all the names. That is not true. In a few days, you can get them all if you really want to. There are lots of tricks to learn the names of the students. Avoid calling your students by their last name. It has been observed that a lot of the students hate to be called by their last name. There may be several exceptions and in such cases the students can be called by the last names. But calling a student by his surname may create a rift between you and the student due to excessive formality.
    • Have a good memory. Good memory is important for being empathetic to your students. Ask your students about the party weekend, congratulate them on the achievements, hear about their pets, show interest after an illness or accident. You will be surprised to see the happy faces of your students.
    • Maintain eye contact. At the beginning or end of class, students approach you to ask a question very often. At that time if you only keep your eyes on school supplies and neglect showing the visual contact the student who speaks, then you miss many things. If you look to your student during his question, you will be able to capture student’s emotion more and understand what he is asking and also what he cannot ask but whirling in his mind.
    • Listen rather than hear. Active listening is very crucial. HEAR is simply perceived sounds while LISTEN is to understand the speech. Listen to be empathetic.
  • Change the closed questions to open questions. One factor that can help you empathize with your students is the way you ask questions. When interacting with a student, there is a difference between asking if you are concerned or to ask why is concerned. While the first question is answered with a simple yes or no, the latter implies a reason to create an emotional bond between you and the student must take advantage of.

As a parent of a child with learning disabilities, you understand how important it is that your son or daughter goes to a school that is right for him or her. For you, the most important thing is that your child has a supportive and nurturing place to learn.

Know Your Child’s Needs

You know your child better than any school administrator. Does your child have trouble paying attention in class and would be better served in a smaller learning environment? Are they emotionally sensitive and require more sympathetic teachers and administrators who understand patience? Do they need more individualized instruction in certain subjects? Make a list of the your child’s strengths, challenges and needs and seek a school that will allow them to flourish.

Your Child Has Options

If you’re looking for alternatives to your child’s zoned neighborhood school, most communities have charter and magnet school options that are equipped with special education programs. Many cities also have schools for learning disabilities with curriculums designed for students with special needs and teachers trained on how best to serve these students.

Classroom size

One of the most important things to consider for your child if he or she has a learning disability is classroom size. Students with learning disabilities benefit from more personalized attention and fewer distractions. Large classes can mean high noise levels, which are often difficult to focus in. The quieter the classroom, and the more individualized attention a student gets, the easier it will be for them to absorb their lessons.


Schools for learning disabilities understand that your child may need more time to complete daily tasks and homework assignments. Teachers at these institutes are attuned to your child’s personal abilities and will assign the appropriate amount of work at an appropriate level to ensure that your child is challenged while not overwhelmed or falling behind.


Many schools for learning disabilities are bringing in cutting-edge technology to the classroom. Laptops, smart boards and even sensory learning materials are being utilized in teaching and learning.

Change Schools if Necessary

Making the decision to change your child to another educational center can be difficult. However, you must always keep in mind your child’s best interest. If you feel a place is not allowing your child to grow, look around for a place that will help him or her succeed. It takes time and effort to find the perfect place for your son or daughter, but you know it’s worth it.

Your child deserves the best education possible, even if it means a further drive for you or your significant other. Schools for learning disabilities provide a nurturing and caring environment for students with diagnosed learning disabilities. This is an irreplaceable quality of their education, as well as a major source of confidence and community in their life. The numerous benefits of a specialized education make a longer commute well worth it. Providing your child with the opportunity for an education that best suits them is paramount to keeping their confidence high and their mind properly stimulated.

Just like traditional public and private institutes, schools for learning disabilities provide a wide variety of extra curricular activities and programs for children to gain social skills in a friendly setting. Without the pressure of a fast paced curriculum and a body of students that aren’t learning disabled, a student will feel free to flourish in a way they may not be able to at a traditional school.

Unfortunately, students diagnosed with an educational disability can easily become targets of bullying in traditional public or private schools. Students with dyslexia, who suffer from bullying attacks, are far less likely to speak up in class for fear of further ridicule and embarrassment. Schools for learning disabilities provide an environment where other students are learning at the same pace and in the same way. Offering a child the chance to attend an institute that is specially catered to them is the greatest gift a parent can give.

A properly fit education will serve your child throughout their lifetime. Confidence built through a specialized education that’s catered to their needs will lead to creativity and ambition. These traits will greatly serve your child as they take on tougher subjects and graduate into college and careers. Without confidence and conviction, a student may not reach their full potential for fear of failure. Part of what makes specialized education so unique is that it encourages students to banish thoughts of fear and failure and replace them with understanding and encouragement. As a parent, it’s important to do everything you can to get your child to the institute they are best suited for, even if it is located far from home.

Schools for learning disabilities are on the rise across the country. A few years ago, it might have been difficult to find one closer than a few hours away, since their numbers were much lower. However, now that learning disabilities have been recognized nationally for requiring specialized education, new institutions are opening up all the time. A longer drive might give you more opportunity to bond with your child. You can spend this time asking in-depth questions about what your child is learning and how they feel about other students and teachers. No time spent with your child is wasted time, so think of a long commute as just another opportunity to bond with them.

Most students get caught in the quandary of choosing the wrong career path due to parental and peer pressure.

This has unhealthy effects on the future of the student since he is not able to enjoy what he is doing and eventually leads himself to a near-miserable life.

All this can so easily be prevented if the career path chosen is suitable to the personality, likes and interests of the student.

It is imperative to get the right career guidance after 10th, since this highly important step for an Indian student will prepare him for a career he can excel in.

To do this, the student must take an aptitude test. This test is specially designed to understand the ability, skill and talent of a student and helps immensely in choosing the right career path.

The first step in career counseling after 10th should be an aptitude test. These tests are usually of multiple choice types and the test results are available almost immediately. Once the test results are obtained, the career counselor is in a better position to understand the inherent abilities of the student and thus guide him to a relevant career path.

Out of the many career options after 12th, it is of vital importance to choose the one where the student can pour his passion into. Without passion, a career option becomes another mundane activity to pursue, even if it pays well. The job becomes a drudgery of sorts and the person loses interest in it. Once this happens, there is no creativity involved in the work done and the job loses its charm.

A job can become exciting if it is aligned with the interests and passion of the individual. Then it no longer remains a chore, but every day brings with it a challenge to overcome with creativity and out-of-the-box thinking. This eventually leads to higher productivity and easily translates into monetary incentives.

Greater research into the psychology of students of the Internet Age has made aptitude tests more encompassing and comprehensive. These tests are more relevant in today’s scenario due to the availability of highly non-traditional career options for students. A student, though he may seem apparently fit for a traditional engineering career, may actually make it big as a graphics engineer in a web solutions organization.

A career option aligned to the latent talents of the student goes a long way in the physical, mental and emotional wellbeing of the individual thereby getting the best out of him in terms of productivity and creativity.

Education plays an important role in shaping the life of an individual. There are many people who wish to pursue their higher education in their own country while there are others who seek the opportunity of studying abroad.

Well, if you are considering to study abroad, then be aware that it’s not an easy task to get admitted in a foreign university.

How do you go ahead and achieve what you wish for?

There are many overseas education consultants available in different parts of the country that can help you take an informed decision.

There can be various reasons associated with this decision.

Many students wish to continue their education in the other country as they might want to get their majors from the first hand sources, or they are fascinated by the other country’s culture or they may be facing some social or political problems in their native country that forces them to leave their country and study abroad.

No matter what the reason is behind your decision to study abroad, the study abroad consultants in Delhi can guide you in the right direction. Delhi being the capital of the nation is also the hub of education. Almost all top notch universities in India are in Delhi; Delhi University, Jawaharlal Nehru University, IIFT, Institute of economic growth to name a few. All of these universities create a positive externality and thus, had led to many “study abroad consultants in Delhi” mushrooming up. The alumni of these excellent universities which are now studying in abroad or have worked in abroad also help these consultants by providing valuable information which then pass out to students seeking assistance while filling up their forms.

How can overseas education consultants help?

Statement of Purpose: Statement of purpose is one of the most critical things which can make or break your chance to seek an admission in a foreign university. And SOPs are not a cake walk. These overseas education consultants can help you get around these in a nice fashion. These consultants have a lot of experience on them which can be useful for you.

Keeping track of dates: When is the last date for which university is a difficult job to handle! Hire a consultant for all this stuff while you work towards your GRE scores.

What to pursue?: Okay, so you have made a decision to study abroad but what to study is a big question. Yes, you may want to study economics, but what particular area in economics. These consultants may actually help you know what your interest is and what subject is currently in demand or what subject will land you with a fat salary?

Numerous overseas education consultants are available through the online mode. You can approach them on their respective websites and get all the information. Reviews and testimonials are also available to help you in choosing the right consultant for you. These consultants are worth their fees as they lead you towards a better future.

Many parents who consider homeschooling are concerned with their own ability to teach their children. They feel that they are not trained as a teacher, or they do not have enough education, or that they will in some way make a mistake and permanently damage their child. Having homeschooled all three of my children, I am here to convince you that you can teach your child if that is what you want.


Let’s first look at some legal issues. Each state has its own requirements for allowing parents to homeschool their children, but there are several common legal requirements. Again, you need to research your particular state.

First, you typically do not have to be a licensed professional teacher to homeschool your child. This means that you do not have to take any courses in education or child development if you do not want to. There are many resources available to you both online and at your library which can tell you everything you will need to create a good curriculum for your child, down to the individual daily lesson plan. If you still feel that you need help doing this, there are full curriculums you can buy that will do this for you.

Second, the usual requirement for parents to homeschool is a high-school diploma. As long as one of the parents has a high-school diploma, you are legally able to homeschool your child. There is typically no requirement for a college degree, and certainly no requirement of a specific college degree. Some states are satisfied if one of the parents has a GED, but some states do not accept a GED as an adequate substitute. Again, look into the requirements for your state.

Finally, you can homeschool your child for any reason you want. You do not have to claim any particular religious affiliation or anything else of that nature. You do not have to tell the state why you are homeschooling, only that you are. If you want to say more, certainly you can do so, but there is no requirement that you do.

Knowing Enough

While most parents are legally able to homeschool their children, many parents feel that they are inadequately prepared to do so. Maybe they were not top-notch students, or it has been a long time since they were in school, or some other concern. For whatever reason, parents often feel they simply do not know enough to teach their children.

My response to this has two pieces. First, I want to reassure you that you DO know enough to teach your child, particularly in the early grades. Second, when we started to reach areas where the parents did not already know what had to be taught, the process of learning WITH the child became an exhilarating and bonding process, bringing our family closer together. Let me explain both points.

First, when a child is starting school, they are learning material that you do know. Well into middle school, the material the child is learning is something that is commonly understood by adults. What you need more than academic learning is patience, understanding, and love for your child. Teaching someone to read, to handle arithmetic, and to write understandable sentences is not a question of learning but a question of helping your child. Even elementary science can be easily acquired by the parent from free resources, as well has the necessary history and other subjects.

Only after the child has become a more advanced student will there be a potential lack of learning on the part of the parent. By this point, however, you have developed a sense of trust and rapport with your child well beyond what is normal, so now you and your child can start learning together. Again, there is a wealth of information available to you from free resources, both online and in person. You can go to museums together, conventions together, and do research together. You will perform experiments where neither you nor your child knows what is going to happen until you complete the experiment. This co-learning is incredibly satisfying, and it builds an almost unbreakable bond between you and your child.

Do not let your uncertainty and doubt hold you back from homeschooling. If you have the desire to teach your child yourself, let yourself be guided by your hope and your love rather than your fears. Your child will benefit from your interaction, you will benefit from the strengthening of your family, and everyone will learn to love learning since it was done together.

You may be thinking about home schooling your kids for one reason or another. Children often face overcrowded classrooms and dangers such as drugs and violence in public schools. Many parents believe they have the right to decide what their children should be learning, and home schooling allows them to have this control. Yet home schooling is a big decision, and one that requires you to be well informed about what you’ll have to do.

Because of the laws and regulations that control home schooling, it’s imperative that you read them carefully and make sure you can comply. Home schooling is controlled by each state in America, so the laws for one state won’t be the same as another state. It wasn’t that long ago when it was very hard to home school your children, and it was even illegal in some states. Nowadays, all this has changed and you can legally home school your child anywhere. Still, you want to make sure that you’re fully compliant with the laws so you don’t risk problems with authorities, which could mean your kids would be forced to return to public schools. There won’t be any problems if you read, follow, and understand the regulations completely. In a lot of areas, parents who home school have formed groups. See if there is one in your area and join it, if possible. These other parents can be a great source of information and can answer your questions.

Strict laws are enforced in many states, making testing a requirement even though you’re homeschooling your own kids. Formal testing must be done even if state laws do not require it so that you can assess your child’s progress as you teach them. Most people that do homeschooling work hand-in-hand with the school administration under an umbrella program that helps them fulfill state standards. In some states, it’s actually a legal requirement that parents work with such a program. If you want to remain independent, or work with the school, having a choice like this depends upon the state in which you reside. The reason why most parents like this type of program is that the curriculum is already done for them and they simply have to teach their kids. There is little freedom in such a situation, however, which is something you need to consider if it is an option. If you do have a choice, make a choice that complies with what you think is right.

If your child shows an aptitude for art, chess or a certain sport, you may want to bring him or her to a class or teacher to help develop that ability. Just make sure that you look into resources and tools to help fill in any gaps when you aren’t equipped to teach in a certain area.

You need to get a handle on time management strategies if you are going to be a home school parent. When you and your kids gather for the beginning of your schooling on Monday morning, it may appear that time is not a constraint. However, by Friday afternoon it may become clear that you were not able to complete all the tasks set out for that week. One obstacle will be your other responsibilities. Home teaching is not a part-time effort, but requires a full-time commitment. The best way to treat home schooling is to structure the day as much as possible, similar to a regular school. The first thing on your time schedule should be when “school” starts and when it ends. True, the children aren’t leaving the house, but they need to know when to be at their appointed places and ready for school. In some ways, the hardest part about home schooling is starting out with it. In order to successfully establish a home school, your concept of school as a place you send your children to for someone else to teach will have to change, and you must be prepared for the challenges that will crop up. Once you and your family have become comfortable with whatever form of home schooling you are using, you will realize that it was the¬†correct decision to make and you will be pleased that your children are receiving their education under healthy and happy conditions.

Let me present you with a scenario: Let’s say that, as a master teacher, you design and deliver the World’s Greatest Lesson. This gem of a lesson includes some short input sessions, both reading and lecture. Because of the short duration of the input sessions, you don’t overload your students’ short-term memory buffers. During the lecture sessions, you are brilliant, changing the inflection of your voice, using props to make abstract ideas concrete, and moving around the room, making eye contact with students to keep attention high. You have carefully selected the readings to tap into your students’ prior knowledge of the topic and add important new information. In addition, the texts are high-interest and are appropriate for your students’ reading levels.

In between the input sessions, you have carefully designed a write-pair-share activity where your students get up and move to find a partner, so they reap the benefits of individual processing, peer processing, and movement; a cooperative learning activity where they brainstorm ideas using an equal participation structure, then select their top idea using a voting structure, and finally share their idea out to the class; and a simulation activity which helps your students connect emotionally to the material. As a result of designing and delivering this incredible lesson, you have ensured that your students are highly engaged throughout and that they have worked with the important material in the lesson in multiple ways during the class.

Now, here’s my question: have your students learned anything from this gem of a lesson? You might be tempted to answer immediately, “Of course! It was, after all, the World’s Greatest Lesson.” Well, let’s pump the brakes on the self-congratulatory train a bit.

The fact of the matter is that, technically, your students have not learned the material from the lesson… yet. What they have probably done, given your masterful teaching, is form some solid memory traces due to their encoding of the material and events in the lesson. But, contrary to what most teachers believe, the learning itself (at least as defined by neuroscientists) does not happen during the lesson itself, but rather much later, when your students aren’t even in class.

I know, it sounds strange, but it’s true. The real learning takes place during what is called consolidation, and it’s crucial that teachers understand this process, as it has important implications for lesson and unit design.

Consolidation: What It Is and When It Happens

First, let’s define consolidation. This is the stage of learning following initial encoding, when the mental representations (“memory traces”) created during encoding get strengthened and added to long-term memory. Over the course of hours or even days, the brain reorganizes and stabilizes these memory traces, replaying the initial encoding experiences, making connections to prior knowledge, and filling in gaps. At a biological level, new connections are made between neurons, creating a new “mental map” of the material. Only when these physical changes occur do neuroscientists consider learning to have taken place.

OK, that’s what consolidation is, but when does it happen? I’ve already mentioned that it takes place over a period of time, long after the lesson is over. The process happens mostly at a sub-conscious level, and starts soon after the initial learning, but the key time for consolidation is during sleep, when no new external input is competing for the brain’s processing space. That’s right, we actually do most of our learning while we’re asleep!

Implications for Lesson and Unit Design

When we take into account the crucial role consolidation plays in learning, and when we take into account how long it takes and when it takes place, we are forced to draw some important conclusions that impact the design of our lessons and units. First of all, we should realize that learning takes time, and that trying to cram massive amounts of material into a single lesson does not do anything to speed up learning (in fact, it greatly reduces the amount learned).

But to take this discussion farther, we need to say a few words about massed practice versus spaced practice. Let’s say that a foreign language teacher has a set of thirty important vocabulary words to teach. Here are three different scenarios; which one will result in better learning?

    • Scenario A: The teacher teaches all thirty words in one day’s lesson, having the class practice for a full hour (I will refrain from any discussions of methodology here–let’s just assume that she uses a solid approach and that the approach is the same for each scenario).

    • Scenario B: The teacher teaches the same thirty words each day across three days, but only has the students spend twenty minutes on the words each day, using the rest of class time to teach other material.

  • Scenario C: The teacher teaches the same words for the same amount of time in three lessons, with another day’s lesson in between–for example, twenty minutes on Monday, twenty minutes on Wednesday, and twenty minutes on Friday.

OK, which scenario will result in the greatest learning? Scenario C, without a doubt. Scenario B will result in the second most learning, and Scenario A will result in the least amount of learning. The superiority of “distributed” or “spaced practice” (Scenarios B and C) to “massed practice” (Scenario A) have been proven in research over and over again. In fact, this is one of the most robust findings in the cognitive science literature.

Why is this the case? Well, you should probably already know the two key reasons. One reason that spaced practice beats massed practice has to do with working memory limitations. In massed practice, it is easy to overwhelm working memory, leading to less efficient work with the material.

However, the key factor involved in the superiority of spaced practice to massed practice has to do with consolidation. Spacing the practice out over a period of time allows the brain time to consolidate each practice session during “down time,” and especially during sleep. Each time the student returns to the material, he will be strengthening the connections he has already started to build.

Break It Up and Focus on Variety

So, what does this all add up to? Well, obviously, the take-away here is to avoid massed practice sessions. If you are a math teacher, don’t teach one type of problem and then have your students do a gazillion problems of that type for the rest of the class period. That approach will not result in good retention.

Instead, teach two or three different problem types during the lesson, with shorter practice sessions on each problem type. Then cycle back to these different problem types after a day or two of delay, review them, and have students work on them again in short, focused practice sessions. By spacing out the practice sessions, you give your students’ brains time to consolidate each day’s learning and then reinforce it when they return to it.